This report provides an overview of how standardized tests are used as part of a broader selection system for each of the services at different points in an officer's career, and a discussion of key issues that should be considered when using standardized tests, including the relationship between tests and racial and ethnic group differences, which could affect minority representation within the officer corps.
Pardee RAND Graduate School students participate in many RAND research projects through their On-the-Job Training. These projects provide students with tremendous opportunities to publish their work in RAND reports and peer-reviewed journals. In fact, many of our students develop an impressive publications record during their tenure at Pardee RAND, which enables them to compete successfully for positions at universities and other research institutions.
Below is a list of publications that our students have recently authored or co-authored. The list provides an excellent illustration of the range of publications that our students have had a hand in developing.
Utilization of Anesthesia Services During Outpatient Endoscopies and Colonoscopies and Associated Spending in 2003-2009 March 1, 2012
The use of dedicated anesthesia providers for routine gastroenterology (GI) procedures is seen as medically justifiable only for high-risk patients. Eliminating these services for low-risk patients could save Medicare $1.1 billion per year.
First-Year Principals in Urban School Districts: How Actions and Working Conditions Relate to Outcomes February 23, 2012
Principals new to their school face a variety of challenges that can influence their likelihood of improving their schools' performance and their likelihood of remaining the principal. The authors present research on first-year principals' experiences, actions, working conditions, and outcomes. The research is intended to inform efforts to promote school improvement and principal retention.
Presents a summary of research on first-year principals' experiences, actions, working conditions, and outcomes; the research is intended to inform efforts to promote school improvement and principal retention.
School and Residential Neighborhood Food Environment and Diet Among California Youth February 1, 2012
This study examines the relationship between school and residential neighborhood food environment and diet among youth in California.
Threats Without Threateners? Exploring Intersections of Threats to the Global Commons and National Security January 10, 2012
Climate change, water scarcity, and pandemics are examined for their national security implications and impacts on the global commons. This paper describes four clusters of policy approaches for these complex, interconnected issues and uses suggestive examples to build the case for policy evolution away from fixing problems and toward innovative alternatives, such as anti-fragile systems, that actually benefit from change and uncertainty.
Robust Climate Policies Under Uncertainty: A Comparison of Robust Decision-Making and Info-Gap Methods January 1, 2012
This study compares two widely used approaches for robustness analysis of decision problems: the info-gap method originally developed by Ben-Haim and the robust decision making (RDM) approach originally developed by Lempert, Popper, and Bankes.
A Qualitative Exploration of the Economic and Social Effects of Microcredit Among People Living with HIV/AIDS in Uganda January 1, 2012
In developing countries, HIV medical care is often insufficient to achieve social and economic health, and hence innovative economic support programs are much needed.
Local Labor Market Fluctuations and Physical Activity Among Adults in the United States, 1990-2009 January 1, 2012
Findings of this study suggest special attentions to be paid to the potential detrimental impact of major recessions on physical activity.
Scenario Uncertainties in Estimating Direct Land-Use Change Emissions in Biomass-To-Energy Life Cycle Assessment January 1, 2012
The use of biomass for energy production has increasingly been encouraged in the United States, in part motivated by the potential to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions relative to fossil fuels.
Providing Smoking Cessation Programs to Homeless Youth: The Perspective of Service Providers October 1, 2014
This paper presents data from interviews with service providers from 23 shelters and drop-in centers serving homeless youth in Los Angeles County about their current smoking cessation programming.
Dissemination and Adoption of Comparative Effectiveness Research Findings When Findings Challenge Current Practices October 10, 2012
A qualitative analysis of the factors that impede the translation of comparative effectiveness research (CER) into clinical practice and those that facilitate it. Case studies of five recent CER studies are used to explore the extent to which these factors led to changes in clinical practice. The root causes for the failure of translation are synthesized, and policy options to optimize the impact of future CER are proposed.