Single-serving guidelines can help kids avoid eating too much when eating out. Student Cameron Wright (cohort '12) and professor Deborah Cohen created this infographic summarizing right-sized portions for kids.
Student Nicholas Broten (cohort '15) coauthored an ongoing assessment of employment and wages in energy and advanced manufacturing industries in the Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia region. The report captures trends about which counties might have greater demand for educating or employing local talent in STEM careers.
Alumni Jordan Fischbach (cohort '04) and Zhimin Mao (cohort '11), along with professor Robert Lempert and other RAND researchers, undertook an experimental comparison of scenarios and forecasts to see which was most useful in a complex decision environment. The results offer lessons for designing decision support tools.
Alumni David Groves (cohort '01) and Zhimin Mao (cohort '11) as well as professors Debra Knopman and Nidhi Kalra, evaluated potential effects of demand and climate uncertainties on investments recently undertaken by the Jinan Municipal Water Resources Bureau according to the Jinan City Water Ecological Development Implementation Plan, and assessed the potential of new investments and management strategies to help Jinan meet its long-term water resources goals.
In an assessment of the Lone Star State's higher education system, RAND experts found opportunities to increase competitiveness through continued research, increased funding, a greater emphasis on institutional support, program accreditation, and more.
The United States and NATO face several challenges in deterring Russia in the Baltics. Solving these is vital to achieving core U.S. objectives in Europe. The first step, says professor David Shlapak, is to ensure that NATO can stay in the game and deny Moscow an easy strategic victory.
Student Cameron Wright (cohort '12), alum Lindsay Daugherty (cohort '05), and professor Laura Werber joined forces with RAND colleagues to assess DoD's AcqDemo, finding several aspects of the program that are performing well but also areas that could be improved.
Autonomous vehicles hold enormous promise for transportation safety, said professor Nidhi Kalra in her testimony to Congress. But feasible, sound methods of testing need to be developed. In the meantime, policymakers should work to foster the development of self-driving vehicles while lowering their risks.
Transnational criminal networks have expanded their global reach. In some cases, they have even converged with terrorist groups. Research by alum Gregory Midgette (cohort '09) and RAND colleagues examines how these networks threaten U.S. interests and what can be done to combat them.
Federal health care reform had just begun in 2013 when Oregon authorized a study to improve how the state pays for health care. A comparison of the projected impacts and feasibility of four options—developed by alum Jodi Liu (cohort '12), professors Chapin White and Christine Eibner, and several RAND colleagues—can help Oregon's stakeholders choose the option that best suits their needs.
Prescription drug misuse is of critical concern for the military because of its potential impact on the health and well-being of personnel, military readiness, and associated health care costs. Alumni Janice Blanchard (cohort '98) and Jennifer Walters (cohort '11) worked with RAND colleagues to offer ideas for addressing the problem.
School leadership is acknowledged as a valid target of educational-improvement activities in the Every Student Succeeds Act, allowing funds to be spent on strengthening it. An updated analysis by students Aziza Arifkhanova, Andriy Bega, Emilio Chavez-Herrerias, Eugene Han and RAND colleagues provides education policymakers with guidance on the use of research-based school leadership programs.
Most kids' menu items at the top 200 U.S. restaurant chains exceed the calorie counts recommended by nutrition experts, according to research by student Cameron Wright (cohort '12) and professor Deborah Cohen. The restaurant industry can embrace calorie guidelines to promote children's health and reduce childhood obesity.
Students participating in programs that provide a comprehensive range of support services are more likely to persist in attending community college, according to research by alum Lindsay Daugherty (cohort '05).
Medical advances have dramatically reduced demand for blood, putting financial stress on blood centers. Student Jakub Hlavka (cohort '14) and colleagues examine how policymakers can ensure the safety and sustainability of the blood supply.
While the U.S. blood system continues to function well, more government oversight may be needed to safeguard the future of the blood supply and prevent blood shortages from posing a risk to the public's health.
Xiaoyu Nie (cohort '14), Simon Hollands (cohort '15) and fellow RAND researchers evaluated several policy options under consideration by the Washington State legislature to address a possible shortage of primary care physicians.
Student Olena Bogdan (cohort '12), professor Terri Tanielian, and RAND colleagues evaluated the Unified Behavioral Health Center for Military Veterans and Their Families, a new model of behavioral health care that provides colocated and coordinated care for veterans and their families.
Projects under the Commander's Emergency Response Program in Afghanistan ranged from rehabilitating a local well to hydro dam and reservoir restoration. The ability of the U.S. military to provide humanitarian relief and reconstruction services enhanced the operational effectiveness of U.S. forces there, according to research by student Kathleen Loa (cohort '12), professor Daniel Egel, and RAND colleagues.
Using mindfulness meditation to treat chronic pain improves pain symptoms, depression, and quality of life, according to a study by students Eric Apaydin and Benjamin Colaiaco (both cohort '11) and professors Susanne Hempel and Sydne Newberry. More research is necessary, however, to determine the degree of effectiveness.
Meditation appears to be effective in treating PTSD and depression symptoms, but more research is necessary, according to a systematic review by students Benjamin Colaiaco and Eric Apaydin (both cohort '11) and professor Susanne Hempel.