After examining microgeographic voting and party registration data from California, PRGS student Jesse Sussell (cohort '10) found that Republicans and Democrats are becoming increasingly geographically segregated from one another. His research was published in PS, the journal of the American Political Science Association.
Being able to provide high-quality health care is a primary driver of job satisfaction among physicians, and obstacles to quality patient care are a source of stress for them. For example, the systems for electronic health records in use today are cumbersome to operate and contribute to their dissatisfaction, according to research by PRGS student John Caloyeras (cohort '09) and RAND colleagues.
The organic defense acquisition workforce oversees defense acquisition programs from start to finish. RAND has been providing ongoing analysis of the workforce. This research offers revisions to methods summarized in an earlier report.
With the world's second largest economy, China has the capacity to engage in substantial programs of development assistance and government investment in any and all of the emerging-market countries. PRGS students Xiao Wang (cohort '08) and Eric Warner (cohort '10), as well as professor Charles Wolf Jr., assessed the scale, trends, and composition of these programs in 93 countries in six regions.
The Coastal Louisiana Risk Assessment model (CLARA) facilitates comparisons of current and future flood risk under a variety of protection system configurations in a wide range of environmental, operational, and economic uncertainties.
California's influenza immunization requirement for health care personnel was too weak to encourage hospitals with low vaccination rates to improve. Hospitals with high vaccination rates were able to comply by simply maintaining current practices.
Limiting climate change will require transformation of energy and other systems. A new model that uses Robust Decision Making tools enables decisionmakers to compare the long-term sustainability of alternative carbon emission reduction policies.
The role of tests will be enhanced by policies that ensure that they mirror high-quality instruction, are part of a larger, systemic change effort, and are accompanied by specific supports for teachers.
India's higher education system faces challenges from underprepared faculty, unwieldy governance, and other obstacles to innovation and improvement, according to research by PRGS alum Lindsay Daugherty (cohort '05), professor Trey Miller, and student Megan Clifford (cohort '09). Instituting policies that link funding to quality could hold schools accountable for their performance, encourage greater innovation, and further the nation's education goals.
Ho Chi Minh City faces significant and growing flood risk. Recent risk reduction efforts may not work if climate and socio-economic conditions diverge from earlier projections. Robust decisionmaking can help Vietnam's capital develop integrated flood risk management strategies despite this uncertainty.
Access to and quality in higher education in developing countries is a debated topic. Research shows that fee sharing, dual-track tuition policies, and different student loan types may increase access, but could shift some costs from the government to the student. The cost of such programmes and long-term sustainability also must be weighed.
PRGS student Elizabeth Wilke (cohort '07) and colleagues collected data on the U.S. Air Force inspection system and identified effective inspection and information collection practices that the USAF might emulate.
Knowledge City is a planned environmentally and technologically advanced city in China's Guangzhou Development District. This report introduces innovation systems and clusters, describes the factors that led to the successes of Silicon Valley, the life sciences corridor in Maryland, and the Israeli technology cluster, and uses findings from those cases and other research to outline the steps GDD will need to take to make Knowledge City a success.
An investigation of the impacts of Medicare payment reform on post-acute providers found that payment reforms reducing average and marginal payments reduced entries and increased exits from the market, which may affect market structure, access to care, quality and cost of care, and patient outcomes.
Based on insurance claims for nine common outpatient services in consumer-directed health plans (CDHPs), PRGS alum Neeraj Sood (cohort '99) and colleagues found no evidence that those with lower expected medical expenses engaged in more price shopping. Consumers did not engage in more price shopping before reaching the CDHP deductible, either.
To prevent and respond to falls, many hospitals employ numerous techniques, including patient education, bed-exit alarms, post-fall evaluations, and more. However, better reporting of outcomes, implementation, adherence, and interventions is necessary to establish evidence on how hospitals can best prevent falls.
Lowering the costs of healthy foods in supermarkets increases the amount of fruits, vegetables, and whole grain foods that people eat, while also appearing to reduce consumption of nutritionally less-desirable foods.
The United States Air Force Academy (USAFA) provides cadets with both military training and a four-year college education similar to that offered at civilian institutions. Unlike at civilian institutions, however, USAFA academic classes are taught by a mix of active-duty military officers and civilian professors.
Quantitative analysis is often indispensable to sound planning, but with deep uncertainty, predictions can lead decisionmakers astray. Robust Decision Making supports good decisions without predictions by testing plans against many futures.
Analysis of data on suicide attacks in Israel suggest that assessing sociocultural, political, economic, and demographic factors in addition to geospatial data enhances the ability to predict future suicide attack targets.
PRGS professor and alum Cheryl Damberg (cohort '89) testified before Congress. Among her conclusions: "Revising physician payment is a daunting challenge, but one that is absolutely necessary. Performance-based payment reform is vital to driving improvements in health care delivery."
According to research by PRGS student Yashodhara Rana (cohort '09) and colleagues, total U.S. government funding for the Global Methane Initiative, a voluntary international partnership that promotes methane recovery and reuse activities in developing and transition economies, was approximately $54 million between fiscal years 2006 and 2010, with most coming from the Department of State (52 percent) and a large share from the EPA (37 percent).
By 2030, California's entire elderly population is projected to double what it was in 2000. This profile provides a factual framework to help consumer advocates, health care providers, and policymakers better understand California's Medicare population and inform their efforts to design programs and policies.