Featured Pardee RAND Research

Pardee RAND students and faculty — and even some alumni — contribute to RAND research. This page features selected reports and projects to which the Pardee RAND community has contributed.

  • Creating an Innovation System for Knowledge City

    Jun 5, 2013

    Knowledge City is a planned environmentally and technologically advanced city in China's Guangzhou Development District. This report introduces innovation systems and clusters, describes the factors that led to the successes of Silicon Valley, the life sciences corridor in Maryland, and the Israeli technology cluster, and uses findings from those cases and other research to outline the steps GDD will need to take to make Knowledge City a success.

  • Medicare Payment Reform and Provider Entry and Exit

    May 7, 2013

    An investigation of the impacts of Medicare payment reform on post-acute providers found that payment reforms reducing average and marginal payments reduced entries and increased exits from the market, which may affect market structure, access to care, quality and cost of care, and patient outcomes.

  • Price Shopping in Consumer-Directed Health Plans

    Apr 17, 2013

    Based on insurance claims for nine common outpatient services in consumer-directed health plans (CDHPs), PRGS alum Neeraj Sood (cohort '99) and colleagues found no evidence that those with lower expected medical expenses engaged in more price shopping. Consumers did not engage in more price shopping before reaching the CDHP deductible, either.

  • Preventing Falls in Hospitals

    Apr 8, 2013

    To prevent and respond to falls, many hospitals employ numerous techniques, including patient education, bed-exit alarms, post-fall evaluations, and more. However, better reporting of outcomes, implementation, adherence, and interventions is necessary to establish evidence on how hospitals can best prevent falls.

  • Discounts on Healthy Foods Can Improve Diet Quality; First Result from a National Program

    Mar 19, 2013

    Lowering the costs of healthy foods in supermarkets increases the amount of fruits, vegetables, and whole grain foods that people eat, while also appearing to reduce consumption of nutritionally less-desirable foods.

  • The Mix of Military and Civilian Faculty at the United States Air Force Academy

    Mar 15, 2013

    The United States Air Force Academy (USAFA) provides cadets with both military training and a four-year college education similar to that offered at civilian institutions. Unlike at civilian institutions, however, USAFA academic classes are taught by a mix of active-duty military officers and civilian professors.

  • Robust Decision Making Aids Planning Under Deep Uncertainty

    Mar 5, 2013

    Quantitative analysis is often indispensable to sound planning, but with deep uncertainty, predictions can lead decisionmakers astray. Robust Decision Making supports good decisions without predictions by testing plans against many futures.

  • Assessing Multiple Data Points Can Help in Predicting Suicide Attack Targets

    Feb 18, 2013

    Analysis of data on suicide attacks in Israel suggest that assessing sociocultural, political, economic, and demographic factors in addition to geospatial data enhances the ability to predict future suicide attack targets.

  • Efforts to Reform Physician Payment: Tying Payment to Performance

    Feb 14, 2013

    PRGS professor and alum Cheryl Damberg (cohort '89) testified before Congress. Among her conclusions: "Revising physician payment is a daunting challenge, but one that is absolutely necessary. Performance-based payment reform is vital to driving improvements in health care delivery."

  • Evaluating State Department Support for the Global Methane Initiative

    Jan 31, 2013

    According to research by PRGS student Yashodhara Rana (cohort '09) and colleagues, total U.S. government funding for the Global Methane Initiative, a voluntary international partnership that promotes methane recovery and reuse activities in developing and transition economies, was approximately $54 million between fiscal years 2006 and 2010, with most coming from the Department of State (52 percent) and a large share from the EPA (37 percent).

  • Medicare Facts and Figures Chartbook

    Jan 23, 2013

    By 2030, California's entire elderly population is projected to double what it was in 2000. This profile provides a factual framework to help consumer advocates, health care providers, and policymakers better understand California's Medicare population and inform their efforts to design programs and policies.

  • What the Military Can Teach Police About Organizational Diversity

    Dec 21, 2012

    Lessons from the Military Leadership Diversity Commission can inform civilian police department hiring and personnel management towards diversity. This report focuses on steps that law enforcement agencies can take to foster a racially and ethnically diverse workforce.

  • In press at the American Journal of Public Health - An Innovative Way to Curb Problem Drinking: South Dakota's 24/7 Sobriety Project

    Dec 15, 2012

    South Dakota's 24/7 Sobriety Project, in which individuals with alcohol-involved offenses submit to breathalyzer tests twice per day or wear an alcohol monitoring bracelet at all times, reduced repeat DUI arrests at the county level by 12 percent. These results support the view that swift, certain, and modest penalties associated with frequent monitoring can deter problem drinking and improve public health. The results may also offer an encouraging model for deterring problem behavior related to other forms of substance abuse. Further exploration and research will need to confirm whether this approach works equally well when extended to other jurisdictions and when combined with positive incentives and treatment services.

  • An Innovative Way to Curb Problem Drinking

    Dec 12, 2012

    South Dakota's 24/7 Sobriety Project, in which individuals with alcohol-involved offenses submit to breathalyzer tests twice per day or wear an alcohol monitoring bracelet at all times, reduced repeat DUI arrests at the county level by 12 percent.

  • Wellness Program Incentives: Can We Legally Pay People for Being Good?

    Dec 11, 2012

    Incentives to participate in wellness programs or reach health-related targets are popular, but could expose employers and insurers to litigation risk because incentives might violate state and federal insurance, anti-discrimination, or privacy laws.

  • Modernizing the Mobility Air Force for Tomorrow's Air Traffic Management System

    Dec 6, 2012

    Building on RAND work examining the cost-effectiveness of modernizing the U.S. Air Force's KC-10 aerial refueling tanker to comply with airspace modernization mandates, this study extended the analysis to the C-5, C-17, C-130, and KC-135 fleets.

  • What Evidence Says About How Best to Treat Children With Autism

    Nov 28, 2012

    Research evidence has many gaps, but treatment guidelines for children with autism spectrum disorders represent a significant step forward. Future research should focus on assessment and monitoring of outcomes, the needs of pre- or non-verbal children, and the most effective treatment strategies and duration.

  • Ostwald Helps Develop Tool to Support Local Disaster Preparedness Planning

    Nov 1, 2012

    PRGS alumnus Jordan Ostwald (cohort '08) worked with RAND colleagues to develop a disaster preparedness planning tool. As municipalities dig out from Sandy and plan for the future, this could prove quite helpful.

  • PRGS Team Develops Model to Assess Flood Risk in Coastal Louisiana

    Oct 10, 2012

    In an excellent example of how PRGS helps RAND innovate to make a difference in the world, an all-PRGS team developed a model to assess flood risk in coastal Louisiana: Professor (and alum) Jordan Fischbach (cohort '04), Professor David Ortiz, students David Johnson (cohort '08) and Matthew Hoover (cohort '09), and alumni Ben Bryant (cohort '05) and Jordan Ostwald (cohort '08).

  • Schuster Examines Racial, Ethnic Health Disparities in Pre-Teens

    Aug 24, 2012

    Interventions that address potentially detrimental consequences of low socioeconomic status and adverse school environments among pre-adolescent Latino and black children may help reduce racial and ethnic differences in child health, according to research by PRGS alumnus Mark Schuster (cohort '91).

  • Arab Spring Revolutions Have Not Yet Created Democracies, but Democratization Is Possible

    Jul 18, 2012

    PRGS student Tewodaj "Todi" Mengistu (cohort '07) is a coauthor of a recent RAND report on democratization in the Arab world. A key takeaway: Policymakers in the United States and other nations should be wary of "rules of thumb" and simplified predictions of how political change will happen.

  • OJT Project Seeks to Quantify Scope, Size, and Impact of Counterfeiting and Piracy

    May 9, 2012

    Violent crimes against individuals make headlines, but other types of criminal activity affect day-to-day life more than people may realize. For his On-the-Job Training, Pardee RAND Student Alessandro Malchiodi (cohort '08) is working with RAND researchers to quantify the scope, size, and impact of counterfeiting and piracy in the European Union.

  • Improving Workplace Safety the Focus of Student's OJT Project

    May 4, 2012

    As part of his On-the-Job Training, Pardee RAND student Christopher McClaren (cohort '05) is working with the RAND Center for Health and Safety in the Workplace to explore ways to improve workplace safety.

  • Does Junk Food in Schools Increase Childhood Obesity?

    Apr 30, 2012

    Despite growing concern that junk food availability in schools has contributed to the childhood obesity epidemic, research by PRGS alumna Ashlesha Datar (cohort '99) shows that the availability does not significantly increase BMI or obesity among a group of fifth-graders.

  • Honoring the Earth: Students' OJT Project Helps Plan the Future of Louisiana's Coast

    Apr 20, 2012

    As part of their On-the-Job Training, Pardee RAND Student Christopher Sharon (cohort '07) and David R. Johnson (cohort '08) were members of the RAND team that developed models and the planning tool for Louisiana's 2012 Coastal Master Plan.