RAND Research on Food, Energy, and Water Security

  • Draft

    Estimating Future Water Demand for San Bernardino Valley Municipal Water District

    Dec 28, 2018

    Water resources management is becoming increasingly challenging in Southern California. The San Bernardino Valley Municipal Water District’s first step in a comprehensive evaluation to assess its demand projections. This evaluation may be of interest to water agencies in other locations addressing the impacts of drought, population growth, and climate uncertainty.

  • Journal Article

    Food Security in the Gulf Cooperation Council

    Nov 28, 2018

    Domestic food production is an ongoing challenge for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council. These countries are largely dependent on food imports and are subject to a number of potential disruptions. What strategies have they taken to increase domestic food production or facilitate access to imports?

  • Report

    How to Solve the Water Crisis in Gaza

    Sep 26, 2018

    Gaza has long had water and sanitation challenges, but today it's in a state of emergency. The crisis could be resolved through greater investment in water and power infrastructure as well as more water or electricity purchases. But political complications and other barriers remain.

  • Report

    Building Resilience in an Urban Coastal Environment

    Jul 31, 2018

    Research by alum Jordan Fischbach (cohort '04) examines the potential effects of climate change and sea level rise on flood risk, ecosystems, and water quality in New York City's Jamaica Bay, and how flood risk can be reduced while also improving water quality, restoring habitat, and improving resilience to extreme weather events.

  • Report

    Adapting to a Changing Climate in Southeast Florida

    Jun 6, 2018

    Florida's Miami-Dade and Broward counties are vulnerable to flooding and intrusion of saltwater into drinking water. These risks are driven by sea level rise, changes in precipitation, and urban development. Alum David Groves (cohort '01) and colleagues ask, how can the region adapt?

  • Journal Article

    Examining the Food-Energy-Water and Conflict Nexus

    Jan 31, 2018

    Student Michele Abbott (cohort '14) used the Pardee RAND Food-Energy-Water (FEW) Index to identify a positive, significant correlation between FEW security and political stability, and reviewed the evidence for how each of these three types of resource insecurities affects political and social stability.

  • Report

    Air Force Installation Energy Assurance

    Nov 6, 2017

    Air Force mission success is increasingly dependent on assured access to electricity. A number of factors can interrupt supply of electric power, including natural disasters, accidents, and deliberate interference. Researchers present a framework to assess energy assurance at Air Force installations.

  • Multimedia

    Federal Research and Development for Agricultural Biodefense

    Nov 2, 2017

    An overview of testimony by Daniel Gerstein presented before the House Science, Space, and Technology Committee, Subcommittee on Research and Technology on November 2, 2017.

  • Testimony

    Agriculture Security in America

    Nov 2, 2017

    The United States has made progress in developing systems to safeguard the nation's agriculture. But threats persist because of socioeconomic, environmental, and ecological factors.

  • Journal Article

    A Climate Stress Test of Los Angeles' Water Quality Plans

    Sep 20, 2017

    Climate change can significantly affect water quality, but most plans for meeting water quality standards in the USA assume stationary climate. A robust decision making analysis shows how climate change could impact water quality in the Tujunga Wash, the largest subwatershed of the Los Angeles River.

  • Report

    Pittsburgh's Options to Address Lead in Its Water

    Jul 18, 2017

    Pittsburgh is struggling to improve its aging water system. Student Michele Abbott (cohort '14) and alum/professor Jordan Fischbach (cohort '04) review the history and recent developments related to the use of lead pipes and the policy options for lead remediation currently being weighed by local decisionmakers.

  • Multimedia

    Managing Risk in a Changing Climate

    Apr 28, 2017

    RAND's work on flood risk in Louisiana is featured in this short documentary on the state's response to a changing climate and rapid sea level rise.

  • Project

    Robust Stormwater Management in the Pittsburgh Region

    Apr 24, 2017

    The city of Pittsburgh and its surrounding region face significant—and potentially growing—stormwater management challenges. Analysis can help better understand the system's vulnerabilities and identify solutions.

  • Report

    Alumni Evaluate the Jinan City Water Ecological Development Implementation Plan

    Mar 9, 2017

    Alumni David Groves (cohort '01) and Zhimin Mao (cohort '11) as well as professors Debra Knopman and Nidhi Kalra, evaluated potential effects of demand and climate uncertainties on investments recently undertaken by the Jinan Municipal Water Resources Bureau according to the Jinan City Water Ecological Development Implementation Plan, and assessed the potential of new investments and management strategies to help Jinan meet its long-term water resources goals.

  • Report

    How Are European Countries Vulnerable to Russia?

    Jan 18, 2017

    Russia's aggression against Ukraine has highlighted potential threats to NATO and the EU. But European countries differ in how susceptible they are to possible Russian actions.

  • Report

    China Invests Warily in the Middle East

    Dec 5, 2016

    China endeavors to protect its expanding interests in the Middle East by not taking sides in conflicts and controversies. The United States should encourage China to get more involved in efforts to improve regional stability while reassuring partners of its own commitment to the region.

  • Periodical

    High and Dry? From the Rockies to the Sierra, Water Managers Gauge Implications of Climate Change

    Sep 8, 2016

    Given uncertainties about climate change, designing a water management strategy for a single forecast of future conditions is not very useful. RAND's recent work helps water agencies develop robust, adaptive long-term water plans that would improve outcomes across a wide range of plausible future scenarios.

  • Report

    The Adoption of New Smart-Grid Technologies

    Sep 8, 2016

    Among the potential benefits of a more efficient, more resilient, smarter grid is improving the ability of system operators to provide electricity to critical social services in the event of blackouts. Critical roadblocks are impeding the grid modernization process, but regulators can take steps to accelerate the move toward smart-grid technology.

  • Report

    Using High-Performance Computing to Support Water Resource Planning

    Aug 25, 2016

    Alum David Groves (cohort '01) and Prof. Rob Lempert, along with researchers at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, tested five different water management portfolios such as conservation, groundwater and seawater desalination, and water reuse, against thousands of scenarios reflecting uncertainty about future climate change and development patterns.

  • Report

    Attitudes Toward Local and National Government Expressed Over Chinese Social Media

    Mar 4, 2016

    How can social media provide perspective on how the Chinese public feels about domestic political issues, such as the environment, food safety, and local versus national government?

  • Report

    Policy Options for Better Service Outcomes from the Future Electric Grid

    Jan 29, 2016

    A Pardee RAND Graduate School symposium brought together leaders from industry, government, and consumer organizations to explore questions confronting future and current electric power systems. While federal policy may drive high-level change, state-level regulators will largely dictate the policy framework in which the future grid will be designed and deployed.

  • Report

    How the Syrian Refugee Crisis Can Improve Jordan's Outlook

    Nov 30, 2015

    Syrian refugees might benefit the Jordanian economy by stimulating growth. Donors and lenders have increased their support to Jordan, in turn offering the government an opportunity to improve the lives of both refugees and Jordanian citizens.

  • Journal Article

    A Strategy for Implementing Lima's Long-Term Water Resources Master Plan

    Nov 11, 2015

    How can water resource agencies make smart investments to ensure long-term water reliability when the future is fraught with deep climate and economic uncertainty? This study helped SEDAPAL, the water utility serving Lima, Peru, answer this question by drawing on methods for decision making under deep uncertainty.

  • Multimedia

    California's Drought and Water Policy

    Sep 30, 2015

    California has implemented numerous policy changes to cope with a record-breaking, four-year drought. In this Events @ RAND podcast, a panel of experts—including Professor (and alum) David Groves (cohort '01)—discuss what government agencies can do to better manage water resources, what methods are most effective at encouraging citizens to use water wisely, and how leaders can better plan for future climate crises.

  • Report

    Managing Water Quality in the Face of Uncertainty

    Sep 9, 2015

    In a pilot study for the Environmental Protection Agency's National Water Program, Edmundo Molina-Perez (cohort '11), Abdul Ahad Tariq (cohort '10), alum Jordan Fischbach (cohort '04) and professor Robert Lempert determined that the EPA and its partners can better manage future uncertainty by employing iterative risk management processes and adopting watershed implementation plans that are robust and flexible.