Since leaving Pardee RAND in 1992, alum Hui Wang (cohort '88) has had a dynamic and extensive career. We recently asked Wang a few questions about his time at Pardee RAND and how his degree has impacted his career.
Kim Jong-un is probably seeking clear successes before his important Seventh Party Congress in May, when he wants to appear to be the all-powerful leader of North Korea, writes Prof. (and alum) Bruce Bennett (cohort '75).
Effective defense institution building (DIB) requires close coordination at every level. Improved coordination, planning, and implementation should enable DIB to advance U.S. defense objectives in Africa more effectively, according to research by alum Chaoling Feng (cohort '09) and RAND colleagues.
Alum Robert Dubois (cohort '87) teamed up with profs Tom Concannon and Dmitry Khodyakov to examine what three key stakeholder groups think about the comparative effectiveness research done by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) and what the institute can do to increase stakeholder awareness and interest.
Negotiators in Paris last week achieved a historic breakthrough by adopting a fundamentally different, and likely more effective, institutional framework to address climate change, write alum Jordan Fischbach (cohort '04) and Prof. Rob Lempert. The framework builds on two concepts missing from past attempts to forge a global treaty: voluntary participation and adaptive policymaking.
Mobile phones collect and retain enormous amounts of information that can be useful in criminal investigations. However, state and local law enforcement face substantial challenges when accessing these data, according to research by professors Edward Balkovich and Don Prosnitz, student Anne Boustead (cohort '11), and alum Steven C. Isley (cohort '10).
Research by alum Susan Burkhauser (cohort '09) and professors Heather Schwartz, David Kennedy, and Harold Green, social networks are significantly associated with alcohol consumption among teens living in public housing and with mental distress among girls, underscoring the potential importance of networks for the health of vulnerable children.
With features on Charles Wolf, Harold Brown, and Harry Rowen, "This issue of Findings highlights the specific blessing we have in the school's history and legacy," remarks Dean Susan Marquis. Other news includes the new cohort, APPAM 2015 presentations, and lots of alumni news.
A peer-delivered nutritional counseling intervention for Hondurans living with HIV was associated with improvements in dietary quality and reduced food insecurity among a population of diverse nutritional statuses, according to research by alum Kartika Palar (cohort '06), student Melissa Felician (cohort '13), and professors Kathryn Derose and Bing Han. The authors suggest that future research should examine if such an intervention can improve adherence among people on ART.
In Los Angeles, the number of fast-food restaurants in a 3.0-mile radius is positively associated with fast-food consumption, and the number of convenience stores in a walkable, 0.25-mile radius distance is negatively associated with obesity, according to research by alum Ricardo Basurto-Davila (cohort '03), student Nelly Mejia-Gonzalez (cohort '11), and professor Roland Sturm.
Gun violence is an important public health problem that accounts for more than 33,000 deaths each year in the United States but in 1996, Congress stripped the CDC of funding for any research that could be associated with gun control advocacy. The lack of CDC funding has deterred researchers, writes Prof. (and alum) Jeffrey Wasserman (cohort '85).
California has implemented numerous policy changes to cope with a record-breaking, four-year drought. In this Events @ RAND podcast, a panel of experts—including Professor (and alum) David Groves (cohort '01)—discuss what government agencies can do to better manage water resources, what methods are most effective at encouraging citizens to use water wisely, and how leaders can better plan for future climate crises.
Policymakers and educators must determine if the risks of maintaining the status quo outweigh the potential benefits of competency-based programs, especially for those students who are ill-served by the traditional higher education model, write Alum Lindsay Daugherty (cohort '05) and Prof. Trey Miller.
In a pilot study for the Environmental Protection Agency's National Water Program, Edmundo Molina-Perez (cohort '11), Abdul Ahad Tariq (cohort '10), alum Jordan Fischbach (cohort '04) and professor Robert Lempert determined that the EPA and its partners can better manage future uncertainty by employing iterative risk management processes and adopting watershed implementation plans that are robust and flexible.
Pardee RAND's alumni newsletter features articles about Charles Wolf's 60 years at RAND, new courses for the new school year, a Pardee Initiative effort to bring traditional grains back to the dinner table, and more.
Reported unmet health care need in adolescence is common and is an independent predictor of poor adult health, according to a an article coauthored by alum Mark Schuster (cohort '91). Strategies to reduce unmet adolescent need should address health engagement and care quality, as well as cost barriers to accessing services.
While the latest confrontation between North and South Korea appears to be ending peacefully, it provides insight into future North Korean provocations. Words as weapons can work when they are aimed at North Korea's internal politics and backed up by a strong South Korean response supported by the U.S., writes alum Bruce Bennett (cohort '76).
Research by alum Alison Jacknowitz (cohort '99) and Prof. Jill Cannon published in the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management finds that English learners in Los Angeles benefitted from full-day kindergarten for reading and retention outcomes.
The increased number and geographic distribution of physicians obtaining waivers to prescribe buprenorphine has widened potential access to effective treatment for those with addiction to heroin or prescription painkillers, according to research by alum Brad Stein (cohort '97) and RAND colleagues.
What are the net costs and benefits to Israelis and Palestinians if the current impasse endures over the next ten years, relative to several alternative trajectories that the conflict could take? Student Shira Efron (cohort '11), alum Bradley Stein (cohort '97), and professors Ross Anthony, Daniel Egel, and Craig Bond contributed to this groundbreaking research.
An investigation revealed that the TSA has failed in contraband testing, at a 95 percent rate. This shouldn't be perceived as an indictment of TSA workers. writes alum Jack Riley (cohort '88), but it may be an indictment of the particular assignments they've been given.
Unless chronic conditions are managed effectively and efficiently, health care costs in the coming decades will be staggering. Alumni Todi Mengistu and Lisa Klautzer (both cohort '07) worked with professor Soeren Mattke and other RAND colleagues to conduct an assessment of chronic care management programs to document the current range services, identify best practices and trends, and examine factors that limit program optimization.
Prescription data on more than one million Marketplace patients shows that those who enrolled earlier were older and used more medication than later enrollees. However, Marketplace enrollees as a whole had lower average drug spending than the employer-sponsored comparison group.