Pardee RAND Graduate School students participate in many RAND research projects through their On-the-Job Training. These projects provide students with tremendous opportunities to publish their work in RAND reports and peer-reviewed journals. In fact, many of our students develop an impressive publications record during their tenure at PRGS, which enables them to compete successfully for positions at universities and other research institutions.
Below is a list of publications that our students have recently authored or co-authored. The list provides an excellent illustration of the range of publications that our students have had a hand in developing.
Can Quality-Adjusted Life-Years and Subgroups Help Us Decide Whether to Treat Late-Arriving Stroke Patients with Tissue Plasminogen Activator? — January 1, 2012
Treatment of stroke patients is highly time-sensitive. The risk of death or disability caused by intracranial hemorrhage may increase with both stroke size and time.
Effectiveness of Subsidies in Promoting Healthy Food Purchases and Consumption: A Review of Field Experiments — January 1, 2012
Subsidizing healthier foods tends to be effective in modifying dietary behaviour.
Options for an Organization to Manage and Dispose of Radioactive Materials — January 11, 2013
RAND researchers describe the attributes of potential organizational models and the steps needed to choose the form of a new organization charged with managing and disposing of commercial and defense high-level radioactive materials.
Choosing a New Organization for Management and Disposition of Commercial and Defense High-Level Radioactive Materials — January 11, 2013
Finding ways to safely store and ultimately dispose of nuclear waste remains a matter of considerable debate. This volume describes the steps needed to design a new, single-purpose organization to manage and dispose of commercial and defense high-level radioactive materials and examines three models for such an organization — federal government corporation, federally chartered private corporation, and independent government agency.
Second-Language Skills for All? Analyzing a Proposed Language Requirement for U.S. Air Force Officers — December 19, 2012
In an effort to determine the feasibility of requiring all Air Force officers to attain a specific level of proficiency in a second language, the authors conducted a survey of current Air Force officers. The results suggest that such a requirement is not currently feasible. However, it would instead be desirable to offer incentives for a variety of efforts made toward achieving proficiency, both before and after commissioning.
An Innovative Way to Curb Problem Drinking: South Dakota's 24/7 Sobriety Project — December 12, 2012
South Dakota's 24/7 Sobriety Project, in which individuals with alcohol-involved offenses submit to breathalyzer tests twice per day or wear an alcohol monitoring bracelet at all times, reduced repeat DUI arrests at the county level by 12 percent.
Increasing Organizational Diversity in 21st-Century Policing: Lessons from the U.S. Military — December 10, 2012
This paper discusses three broad, diversity-related lessons from the Military Leadership Diversity Commission that can inform police department hiring and personnel management: qualified minority candidates are available, career paths impact diversity, and departments should leverage organizational commitment to diversity. Additionally, specific suggestions are given as to how law enforcement agencies can incorporate each of these lessons.
Efficacy of Frequent Monitoring with Swift, Certain, and Modest Sanctions for Violations: Insights from South Dakota 24/7 Sobriety Project — December 6, 2012
In community supervision settings, frequent alcohol testing with swift, certain, and modest sanctions for violations can reduce problem drinking and improve public health outcomes.
Aircraft modernization to comply with mandates affecting airspace ensures continued access to fuel-efficient cruising altitudes and use of the busiest airports, but these future benefits require an upfront investment in avionics upgrade programs. Building on RAND work examining the cost-effectiveness of modernizing the U.S. Air Force's KC-10 aerial refueling tanker, this study extended the analysis to the C-5, C-17, C-130, and KC-135 fleets.
Understanding Pregnancy-Related Attitudes and Behaviors: A Mixed-Methods Study Homeless Youth — December 1, 2012
Effective and accessible pregnancy prevention and family planning programs for homeless youth are needed.
What Works in Changing Energy-Using Behaviours in the Home? A Rapid Evidence Assessment: Final Report — November 1, 2012
In November 2012, the Department of Energy and Climate Change unveiled the UK's national Energy Efficiency Strategy, setting out the direction of their policy for the coming decades. RAND Europe's research on
Nonmedical Interventions for Children with ASD: Recommended Guidelines and Further Research Needs — November 1, 2012
The creation of treatment guidelines and recommendations for future research represents an effort by leading experts to improve access to services for children with ASDs while acknowledging that the research evidence has many gaps.
Can We Legally Pay People for Being Good? A Review of Current Federal and State Law on Wellness Program Incentives — November 1, 2012
Incentives to participate in wellness programs or reach health-related targets are becoming popular, but might expose employers and insurers to litigation risk because incentives might violate state and federal insurance, anti-discrimination, or privacy laws.
NATO and the Challenges of Austerity — October 22, 2012
In the coming decade, NATO faces growing fiscal austerity and declining defense budgets. This study analyzes the impact of planned defense budget cuts on the capabilities of seven European members of NATO: the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, the Netherlands, and Poland. The authors assess the implications of the cuts for NATO capabilities and strategy and for U.S. policy.
Can NATO Meet Defense Challenges in an Era of Austerity? — October 22, 2012
This study analyzes the impact of planned defense budget cuts on the capabilities of seven key European members of NATO and suggests ways in which the Alliance can adapt to meet emerging security challenges.
Choosing Defense Project Portfolios: A New Tool for Making Optimal Choices in a World of Constraint and Uncertainty — October 11, 2012
PortMan, RAND's new portfolio analysis and management methodology, provides a means for decisionmakers to find the optimal portfolio of projects, maximizing the probability of filling a desired set of requirements while restraining costs.
An Assessment of the Civilian Acquisition Workforce Personnel Demonstration Project — October 11, 2012
The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) Civilian Acquisition Workforce Personnel Demonstration Project (AcqDemo) is an effort to reengineer the civilian personnel system to meet the needs of the acquisition workforce and to facilitate the fulfillment of the DoD acquisition mission. Congress required independent assessment of the program against 12 criteria by September 30, 2012. This report is that legislatively mandated assessment.
CLARA Flood Risk Model Supports Louisiana's Coastal Planning — October 10, 2012
The Coastal Louisiana Risk Assessment (CLARA) model estimates hurricane flood depths and damage and enables evaluation of potential flood risk reduction projects for inclusion in Louisiana's 2012 Coastal Master Plan.
Coastal Louisiana Risk Assessment Model: Technical Description and 2012 Coastal Master Plan Analysis Results — October 8, 2012
Describes the Coastal Louisiana Risk Assessment (CLARA) model developed by RAND to estimate flood depths and damage that occurs as a result of major storms in Louisiana's coastal region. CLARA made it possible to evaluate potential projects for inclusion in the Louisiana's 2012 Coastal Master Plan on the basis of how well they reduce flood damage over the next fifty years. Also describes damage reduction provided by the final Master Plan.
Addressing Challenges in Evaluating School Principal Improvement Efforts — October 4, 2012
Given the focus on accountability in education, stakeholders are interested in evaluating whether efforts aimed at improving school leadership show results; the key criteria are student outcomes. This report describes challenges that states, districts, and other entities can expect to encounter as they evaluate efforts targeting school leadership as a way to improve student outcomes and offers suggestions for dealing with those challenges.
Efforts to improve school leadership may improve student outcomes. Evaluators and policymakers should allow time for improvements to show, use multiple evaluation measures, and interpret findings carefully before applying them to others.
Five Reasons That Many Comparative Effectiveness Studies Fail to Change Patient Care and Clinical Practice — October 1, 2012
Results from comparative effectiveness research seldom influence clinical practice.
Measuring IPR infringements in the internal market: Development of a new approach to estimating the impact of infringements on sales — September 27, 2012
This report aims to contribute to quantifying the scope, scale and impact of IPR infringements, such as counterfeiting and unauthorised downloads. It offers a methodology, based on economic theory, for measuring trends of the lost revenues due to IPR infringements.
Creating an Innovation System for Knowledge City: Chinese Translation — September 20, 2012
Knowledge City is a planned environmentally and technologically advanced city in China's Guangzhou Development District. This report introduces innovation systems and clusters, describes the factors that led to the successes of Silicon Valley, the life sciences corridor in Maryland, and the Israeli technology cluster, and uses findings from those cases and other research to outline the steps GDD will need to take to make Knowledge City a success.
An Outline of Strategies for Building an Innovation System for Knowledge City: Chinese Translation (simplified characters) — September 20, 2012
Sino-Singapore Guangzhou Knowledge City is a planned environmentally and technologically advanced city in China's Guangzhou Development District that will host innovative industries and their workers. This report (translated into simplified Chinese characters) serves as an outline for a strategy for Knowledge City and is intended to help the developers create conditions that are conducive to innovation and the commercialization of new technologies.