Pardee RAND Graduate School students participate in many RAND research projects through their On-the-Job Training. These projects provide students with tremendous opportunities to publish their work in RAND reports and peer-reviewed journals. In fact, many of our students develop an impressive publications record during their tenure at PRGS, which enables them to compete successfully for positions at universities and other research institutions.
Below is a list of publications that our students have recently authored or co-authored. The list provides an excellent illustration of the range of publications that our students have had a hand in developing.
New Support for the Big Sort Hypothesis: An Assessment of Partisan Geographic Sorting in California, 1992-2010 — October 1, 2013
This article empirically examines the 'Big Sort hypothesis'—the notion that, in recent years, liberal and conservative Americans have become increasingly spatially isolated from one another
Accountable Care Organization Formation Is Associated with Integrated Systems but Not High Medical Spending — October 1, 2013
We examined where accountable care organizations (ACOs) have formed and what regional factors are predictive of ACO formation.
Improving Scenario Discovery Using Orthogonal Rotations — September 26, 2013
Scenario discovery offers a new means to characterize and communicate the information in computer simulation models under conditions of deep uncertainty.
Analyses of the Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce: Update to Methods and Results through FY 2011 — September 19, 2013
The organic defense acquisition workforce oversees defense acquisition programs from start to finish. RAND has been providing ongoing analysis of the workforce. This volume documents revisions to methods summarized in an earlier report, describes the workforce through fiscal year 2011, and provides a user's manual for a model for projecting workforce needs through 2021 under different assumptions about the future.
China's Foreign Aid and Government-Sponsored Investment Activities: Scale, Content, Destinations, and Implications — September 18, 2013
With the world's second largest economy, China has the capacity to engage in substantial programs of development assistance and government investment in any and all of the emerging-market countries. RAND researchers assessed the scale, trends, and composition of these programs in 93 countries in six regions: Africa, Latin America, the Middle East, South Asia, Central Asia, and East Asia.
Fiscal Performance and U.S. International Influence — September 16, 2013
High debt threatens future U.S. economic growth and constrains the ability of the government to act in pursuit of national interests. The authors examine the effects on the nation's ability to wield the economic instruments of U.S. power and to shape global conditions through other than military means.
An Evolutionary Model of Industry Transformation and the Political Sustainability of Emission Control Policies — September 6, 2013
Limiting climate change will require transformation of energy and other systems. This report presents an agent-based, game theoretic model designed to compare the long-term sustainability of alternative carbon emission reduction policies. The model tracks the co-evolution of an industry sector, its technology base, and political coalitions that influence government policy. It uses robust decision making methods to compare alternative policies.
New Assessments, Better Instruction? Designing Assessment Systems to Promote Instructional Improvement — September 3, 2013
This report reviews the literature on how assessment affects teaching practice and the conditions that moderate that relationship. The authors identify a wide variety of effects that testing might have on teachers' activities in the classroom and a number of conditions that affect the impact that assessment may have on practice.
Surprise! From CEOs to Navy SEALs: How a Select Group of Professionals Prepare for and Respond to the Unexpected — August 14, 2013
This report relates what professionals believe creates surprise, how they respond to it, and how the effects of surprise can be mitigated. RAND researchers interviewed representatives from 13 diverse professions and identified some common coping strategies, such as relying on past experience and trying to reduce the level of chaos in the environment.
The Elements of Surprise: How Professionals Prepare for and Respond to Unexpected Events — August 14, 2013
This research brief summarizes the findings of a project that sought to identify common strategies used by practitioners in various professions, from professional sports to Navy SEALs, to respond to unexpected events.
Flood depths and direct economic damage from a wide range of simulated storm events are aggregated to produce a statistical summary of coastal risk under different assumptions about future conditions.
How Effective Are Different Approaches to Higher Education Provision in Increasing Access, Quality and Completion for Students in Developing Countries? Does This Differ by Gender of Students? — August 1, 2013
How to effectively increase access to and quality in higher education in developing countries is a highly debated topic.
The Skinny on Workplace Wellness Programs — July 31, 2013
Workplace wellness programs have become increasingly common in the United States, but what do these programs look like? A 2012 national survey gives us the skinny on typical components, incentives for participation, and levels of employee engagement.
Building the Links Between Funding and Quality in Higher Education: India's Challenge — July 22, 2013
India has joined a worldwide trend in which nations are seeking to improve the quality of their higher education systems by giving greater autonomy and accountability to higher education institutions. In this report, the authors review India's and other countries' higher education systems and suggest seven policy actions that the Indian national government and other stakeholders can take to improve higher education by linking funding to quality.
The U.S. Army's Command and General Staff School offers its Advanced Operations Course (AOC) for junior field-grade officers using both traditional resident instruction and a model referred to as blended distributed learning (BDL). This report assesses the effectiveness of AOC-BDL based on student and graduate surveys and identifies best practices for BDL from empirical research and case studies.
Local Quality Improvement Efforts and Outcomes Descriptive Study: Final Report: Executive Summary — July 1, 2013
Quality rating and improvement systems (QRISs) constitute an ambitious policy approach to improving early care and education practices and child outcomes.
Charting the Course for a New Air Force Inspection System — July 1, 2013
The Inspector General of the Air Force (SAF/IG) is leading an Air Force-wide effort to reduce the burden of Air Force inspection activities while also improving the quality of oversight the inspection system provides. In 2010, SAF/IG asked RAND Project AIR FORCE to join in this effort. This report presents primary data RAND collected on the Air Force inspection system and identifies effective inspection and information collection practices that the Air Force might emulate.
Robust Water-Management Strategies for the California Water Plan Update 2013: Proof-of-Concept Analysis — June 13, 2013
This report describes a proof-of-concept analysis using Robust Decision Making to evaluate water resource management response packages for California's Central Valley under future uncertainty. This analytic approach will be used to develop a more comprehensive analysis for the California Water Plan Update 2013.
Test-and-treat in Los Angeles: A Mathematical Model of the Effects of Test-And-Treat for the Population of Men Who Have Sex with Men in Los Angeles County — June 1, 2013
There is evidence to suggest that antiretroviral therapy (ART) and testing for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) reduce the probability of transmission of HIV.
Workplace Wellness Programs Study: Final Report — May 30, 2013
The report investigates the characteristics of workplace wellness programs, their prevalence and impact on employee health and medical cost, facilitators of their success, and the role of incentives in such programs. The authors employ four data collection and analysis streams: a literature review, a survey of employers, a longitudinal analysis of medical claims and wellness program data from a sample of employers, and five employer case studies.
Pobreza y Vulnerabilidad en México: El caso de los Jóvenes que no Estudian ni Trabajan — May 10, 2013
Analyzes the composition, dynamics, poverty patterns, and individual and family characteristics of young people not in education, employment or training in Mexico.
Evaluation of the Council to Improve Foodborne Outbreak Response (CIFOR) Guidelines for Foodborne Disease Outbreak Response and Associated Toolkit — May 7, 2013
With reducing the burden of foodborne disease among its primary goals, the multidisciplinary Council to Improve Foodborne Outbreak Response (CIFOR) developed the Guidelines for Foodborne Outbreak Response (2009) and a companion Toolkit (2011) to improve foodborne disease outbreak detection and response at the state and local levels. This study assesses the distribution and use of the CIFOR Guidelines and Toolkit to determine whether and to what extent they are reaching their intended users and achieving their goals.
Fertility Desires Among HIV-infected Men and Women in Los Angeles County: Client Needs and Provider Perspectives — May 1, 2013
Combination antiretroviral therapy for persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) has extended life expectancy, and enabled PLHA to live productive lives that can include having children.
This study demonstrates how robust decision making can help Ho Chi Minh City develop integrated flood risk management strategies.
Parent Perceptions of Neighborhood Safety and Children's Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Obesity: Evidence from a National Longitudinal Study — May 1, 2013
We examined the relationship between parent-perceived neighborhood safety and children's physical activity, sedentary behavior, body mass, and obesity status on a cohort of US kindergartners from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study.